Logo for Piano Play It

Acciaccatura - Piano Ornament

Home » Piano Technique » The Acciaccatura


There is confusion between this ornament and the appoggiatura. Notice the diagonal line that distinguishes them.
The word comes from the Italian verb acciaccare which means "to crush", and that's the effect you get when you play this ornament.

It's is a small grace note which decorates the principal note.

What is its duration?

Its duration is very short (unlike the appoggiatura). It is an embellishment that takes much less time than the principal note. Of course it depends on the tempo of the piece - the faster the piece is - the shorter the acciaccatura.

Is it played on the beat, or before the beat?

This ornament is usually played on the beat, but it might come slightly before the beat.
There is no written rule which indicates whether it should be played before the beat or on the beat. Generally it is a question of genre of the piece, and the taste of the performer.

Here are the two possibilities:

How Acciaccatura could be played on the beat or before the beat.

However, sometimes the acciaccatura may be written in the bar preceding the principal note. In these cases it will be played before the beat.

How Acciaccatura should be played before the beat.

In other cases, such as in Jazz music, it may even be played on the beat together with the principal note. (That's a real crush between two notes).

Acciaccatura played together with a principal note

As a piano teacher, I recommend playing the whole piece without referring to the ornaments at first. It means that when you see a note with an acciaccatura above, it is better if you ignore it. Only when your playing is fluent I advise you try to perform this ornament.

One more comment: Some editors write how the exact notes that should be played above the ornaments . You may find it pretty helpful.

Click here to learn about other piano ornaments.

Return from The Acciaccatura to Piano Technique

How To Play Piano by Chords

The Piano By Chords Piano Learning Kit


The Ultimate Piano by Chords Learning Kit
Check It Out Now!

Piano Play It on Facebook

Piano Play It Twitter Page

Piano Play It on Instagram

Piano Play It on Tumblr

Piano Play It on Pinterest

Piano Play It on Linkedin

"Your entire site is simply fantastic. I really loved it. Now I am learning the basics of piano by myself, with your really great help. Thank you very much!"

Jaime C. from Brazil

"I only started to play about six weeks ago but the last hour of watching your videos about chord progressions has been something of a revelation. You're brilliant!!!!"

Stephen Roberts from U.S.A

"I'm a beginning keyboard player and your video's are an excellent guide. You're absolute not in a hurry, and take time to explain. I'm sure I'll follow all your lessons to get the hang of playing the piano/keyboard!"

Wouter E. from the Netherlands

"Thanks for all your work ( tuto and others ). You're doing a really great job, You're the best internet teacher I know."

Anthony Hassen Cohen from France

[?] Subscribe To
This Site

Add to Google
Add to My Yahoo!
Add to My MSN
Add to Newsgator
Subscribe with Bloglines

Enjoy This Site?
Then why not use the button below, to add us to your favorite bookmarking service?