Review of Musical Terms
"The images and explanations on these piano lessons are so clear!
I can't believe how fast I'm improving..."
When you see an ACCENT SIGN over or under a note, play that note louder. The Accent Sign is placed over or under a note which gets a special emphasis.Accidental -
a sharp or flat which is not given in the key signature
Adagio - Slowly
Allegro - quickly, happily.
Andante - moving along (at walking speed)
A tempo - resume original speed
- gradually louder
De Capo al Fine (D.C al Fine)- this musical term means that you have to repeat from the beginning and play to the Fine (end).
Dynamic Signs- signs that show how loud or soft to play.
Fine- the end
- the measures under the bracket should be played the 1st time only.
- lowers a note in half a step. Play the next key to the left.
Half Step - the distance from one key to the very next one.
Harmonic Interval- the next musical term concerns the interval between two tones which are played at the same time.
Incomplete Measure- a measure at the beginning of a piece with fewer counts than shown in the time signature. The missing counts appear in the last measure.
Interval- the difference in pitch (highness or lowness) between two notes.
Key Signature- the number of sharps or flats in any key written at the beginning of a piece.
Legato- smoothly connected. Usually indicated by a slur over or under the notes.
Major Scale- a series of 8 notes made of two tetra chords joined by a whole step.
Melodic Interval- this musical term concerns the interval between two notes which are play separately.
Mezzo Forte- moderately loud
Natural Sign- cancels a sharp or flat
Octave sign- when placed OVER notes, It means that you have to play a phrase octave (8 notes) higher then written.
Pedal Mark- press the damper pedal, hold it, and release it.
Repeat Signsrepeat from the beginning
Repeat the measures between the double bars.
Ritardando(abbreviated retard. Or rit.) - gradually slowing.
Second endingthe measure under the bracket are played the 2nd time only.
Sharp Signraises a note in half a step. Play the next key to the right.
Staccato - separated or detached. Usually indicated by a dot over or under the note.
Tempo- rate of speed.
Tetra chord- The next musical term relates to four notes in an alphabetical order, that have a pattern of
WHOLE STEP, WHOLE STEP, HALF STEP.
Time signatures- numbers written at the beginning of a piece or section of a piece.
The top number shows the number of beats that should be counted in each measure.
The bottom number tells us what is the lengh of one beat.
Whole Step - two half steps. The distance between two keys with one key between.
Wow! We're done with the first level! I bet you're already curious what's in the second level.
It's time for some piano theory.
I'd like us to take a steps further and start to get to know some theoretical terms and develope our musical ear in a deeper level of understanding.
So in the next piano lesson we're going to dicuss the musical interval.